Even before I became I writer, I always wrote things longhand — I even wrote all the drafts of my dissertation longhand. How about now? But also, as physical act, I prefer the sensation of writing longhand. I like the feel of a pen in my hand, the way it moves over the paper. I like being able to choose the right color ink for the story, or to use variations in ink color to mark progress, revised sections, things that happen in different timelines.
I like the way writing longhand slows me down just enough to think about word choice, to hear the way the words sound together in a way that gets obscured by the clinking and thud of the keys as I type. I had been working on different versions of what would become The Chaos of Stars for 18 months. Typically I finish first drafts in weeks, not months, and definitely not years, so it was a challenge. In order to force myself to pay attention, I needed to be cut off from everything.
With nothing between myself and the page, the story finally spilled out the way it needed to. No editing, no second-guessing, and no internet. I found quickly that writing longhand slowed me down — it let my hand and my brain breathe a little easier as I worked, detached me from a frantic electronic pace.
The practice of writing all my first drafts longhand kind of snuck up on me over a period of a few years.
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They flowed. It was less like writing, more like turning a faucet, only instead of water I got words. Other things happened. My girlfriend got me rich, creamy stationery and asked me to write her old-fashioned letters. I did and it was fun, I liked it. My friend Neil Gaiman is evangelical about working longhand and encouraged me to give it a try. He made it sound like automatic writing.
I came across a review my father had written longhand for Entertainment Weekly and was struck by how effortless it was: how funny, clear-eyed, unadorned, and totally him. Finally, though, mostly.follow
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The electronic cocoon sometimes feels more like an electronic shroud. Last year, when I went on tour for NOS4A2 , I consciously left my computer at home, and took some pens and a notebook with me instead. When I came home a month later, I had a new 28, word novella spread across three notebooks and a paper placemat , and I knew I was done writing my first drafts on the computer. Possibly because handwriting is slower work than word processing, you counterintuitively wind up writing stories that move faster.
You tend to only write the scenes that matter and you write them with less ornament, less conscious efforts at a style. The tools of word processing software encourage cutting and pasting, deleting, tweaking, and the creation of beautifully written filler. All you have is this line to fill, and then the next line to fill.
Rowling, and Neil — have all written their most famous stories by pen. You see it in the calm, straight-forward lucidity of their prose and in the way every scene naturally follows from the one before, the next domino in the line tipping over. The only thing you have to entertain you is your own imagination. As someone with repetitive strain injuries, I could not write longhand even if I wanted to; I would be in great pain. I would also mention that long before the blinking cursor and blank screen were considered the bane of writers, the blank paper page was.
The process of writing always fascinates me and I loved this post. Let's be friends:. CRC Cards. DZone 's Guide to. Free Resource. Like 0. Join the DZone community and get the full member experience. Join For Free. What are CRC cards? Just one or two sentences describing what each candidate is, and what it does.
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Candidate or Class? Why Cards? This number is limited by the amount of memory and the amount of file-descriptors the system can handle. In practise, socket buffers in the system also need some memory and sessions per GB of RAM is more reasonable.
Also they don't process any data so they don't need any buffer. Moreover, they are sometimes designed to be used in Direct Server Return mode, in which the load balancer only sees forward traffic, and which forces it to keep the sessions for a long time after their end to avoid cutting sessions before they are closed. The data forwarding rate This factor generally is at the opposite of the session rate. Highest data rates are achieved with large objects to minimise the overhead caused by session setup and teardown. Large objects generally increase session concurrency, and high session concurrency with high data rate requires large amounts of memory to support large windows.
High data rates burn a lot of CPU and bus cycles on software load balancers because the data has to be copied from the input interface to memory and then back to the output device. Hardware load balancers tend to directly switch packets from input port to output port for higher data rate, but cannot process them and sometimes fail to touch a header or a cookie. Haproxy on a typical Xeon E5 of can forward data up to about 40 Gbps.
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A fanless 1. A load balancer's performance related to these factors is generally announced for the best case eg: empty objects for session rate, large objects for data rate. This is not because of lack of honnesty from the vendors, but because it is not possible to tell exactly how it will behave in every combination.
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So when those 3 limits are known, the customer should be aware that it will generally perform below all of them. A good rule of thumb on software load balancers is to consider an average practical performance of half of maximal session and data rates for average sized objects. Reliability - keeping high-traffic sites online since Being obsessed with reliability, I tried to do my best to ensure a total continuity of service by design.
It's more difficult to design something reliable from the ground up in the short term, but in the long term it reveals easier to maintain than broken code which tries to hide its own bugs behind respawning processes and tricks like this.
Three Ways That Handwriting With A Pen Positively Affects Your Brain
In single-process programs, you have no right to fail : the smallest bug will either crash your program, make it spin like mad or freeze. There has not been any such bug found in stable versions for the last 13 years , though it happened a few times with development code running in production.
HAProxy has been installed on Linux 2. Obviously, they were not directly exposed to the Internet because they did not receive any patch at all.
The kernel was a heavily patched 2. On such systems, the software cannot fail without being immediately noticed! Right now, it's being used in many Fortune companies around the world to reliably serve billions of pages per day or relay huge amounts of money. Some people even trust it so much that they use it as the default solution to solve simple problems and I often tell them that they do it the dirty way. Such people sometimes still use versions 1.
HAProxy is really suited for such environments because the indicators it returns provide a lot of valuable information about the application's health, behaviour and defects, which are used to make it even more reliable. As previously explained, most of the work is executed by the Operating System. For this reason, a large part of the reliability involves the OS itself. Latest versions of Linux 2. However, it requires a bunch of patches to achieve a high level of performance, and this kernel is really outdated now so running it on recent hardware will often be difficult though some people still do.
Linux 2. Some people prefer to run it on Solaris or do not have the choice.
Solaris 8 and 9 are known to be really stable right now, offering a level of performance comparable to legacy Linux 2. Solaris 10 might show performances closer to early Linux 2. FreeBSD shows good performance but pf the firewall eats half of it and needs to be disabled to come close to Linux. The reliability can significantly decrease when the system is pushed to its limits. This is why finely tuning the sysctls is important. There is no general rule, every system and every application will be specific.
However, it is important to ensure that the system will never run out of memory and that it will never swap. A correctly tuned system must be able to run for years at full load without slowing down nor crashing. Security - Not even one intrusion in 13 years Security is an important concern when deploying a software load balancer. It is possible to harden the OS, to limit the number of open ports and accessible services, but the load balancer itself stays exposed. For this reason, I have been very careful about programming style. Vulnerabilities are very rarely encountered on haproxy, and its architecture significantly limits their impact and often allows easy workarounds.